Spatial Production and Productivity

Agriculture is an inherently local process, with yields (and hence output) being affected by local factors such as climate, soils, and terrain, as well as technology adoption and its use. Consequently, agricultural production and productivity are especially sensitive to spatial variations in the natural factors of production. Precisely where crops are produced (the spatial footprint of agriculture) changes over time, with corresponding changes in the spatially heterogeneous factors that affect crop production. InSTePP is giving explicit attention to the spatial dimensions of agriculture and how they change over time—new data and analytical procedures are being developed and utilized to understand how changes at the local level influence production and productivity at regional and global scales.