[Tanzania] National Sample Census of Agriculture 2002/2003: Small Holder Agriculture, Volume II: Crop Sector - National Report

Cover Tanzania 2002/2003 Vol 2


Zanzibar, Tanzania: United Republic of Tanzania, National Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Ministry of Water and Livestock Development, Ministry of Cooperatives and Marketing, Presidents Office, Regional Administration and Local Government, (June 2006)

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At the end of the 2002/03 Agriculture Year, the National Bureau of Statistics and the Office of the Chief Government Statistician in Zanzibar in collaboration with the Ministries of Agriculture and Food Security; Water and Livestock Development; Cooperatives and Marketing as well as the Presidents Office, Regional Administration and Local Government (PORALG) conducted the Agriculture Sample Census for 2002/2003. This is the third Agriculture Census to he carried out in Tanzania, the first one was conducted in 1971/72, the second in 1993/94 and 1994/95 (during 1993/94 data on household characteristics and livestock count were collected and data on crop area and production in 1994/95).

It is considered that this census is one of the largest to be carried out in Africa and indeed in many other countries of the world. For the crop sub-sector, the census collected detailed data on all annual and permanent crops. It also collected comprehensive input use, storage. processing, marketing, tree farming and erosion control and extension services. As a result, the crop report from this census is much more detailed than the previous censuses' reports and, for the first time, has a conclusion and makes recommendations.

In addition to this, the census was large in its coverage as it provides data that can be disaggregated. at district level and therefore allow comparisons with the 1998/99 District Integrated Agricultural Survey. The census covered smallholders in rural areas only and large scale farms. This report presents data disaggregated up to regional level and it focuses on crops grown kept by smallholders. For the first time, it includes figures for Zanzibar. The analysis in the report includes time series comparisons using data from the previous censuses and surveys.


  • Type of Agriculture Household, Number and Type of Holding
  • Rank of Importance of Different Livelihood Activities
  • Number of Agriculture Households by Whether All Land Available to the Household Was Used
  • Number of Agriculture Households by Whether they Consider Having Sufficient Land for the Household
  • Number of Agriculture Households By Whether Female Members of the Household Own or Have Cusomary Right to Land
  • Type of Land Use, Area of Land Use
  • Number of Households and Area Planted
  • Number of Crop Growing Households Planting Crops
  • Crop and Vegetable Production, Area Planted, Quantity Harvested, Yield
  • Number of Crop Growing Households and Area Planted by: Means of Soil Preparation, Fertilizer Use, Irrigation Use, Herbicide Use, Fungicide Use, Insecticide Use, Improved Seed Use, Method of Land Clearing, Method of Harvesting, Method of Threshing
  • Permanent Crops: Number of Households Planting, Area Planted, Area Covered, Area Harvested, Quantity Harvested, Area of Input Application
  • Number of Crop Growing Households Utilising Secondary Products, Main Secondary Product Use, Type of Secondary Product and Crop
  • Number of Crop Growing Households Reporting Processing of Farm Products, Method of Processing, Main Product, Main Use of Primary Processed Product, Where Product Sold, By-Product, Location of Processing Farm Products, Sale Location of Processed Products
  • Number of Households Storing Crops by Type of Crops Stored, Quantity Stored, Estimated Storage Loss, Length Of Storage, Main Purpose of Storage
  • Marketing: Households That Sold, Did Not Sell, Main Reason for Not Marketing
  • Households Reporting Marketing Problems
  • Households with Erosion Control/Water Harvesting Facilities on Their Land, Number of Erosion Control/Water Harvesting Structures
  • Method of Field Application of Irrigation Water
  • Method Used to Obtain Water
  • Access to Inputs, Households Using:  Compost, Improved Seeds, Chemical Fertilizer, Farm Yard Manure, Pesticide/Fungicide, Herbicide
  • Source of Inputs, Source of Finance Source for Inputs, Distance to Source, Quality of Inputs, Plans to Use Inputs
  • Households Using Farm Implements/Assets by Type
  • Main Reason for Not Using Inputs, Quality of Inputs
  • Tree Farming/Agroforestry: Number of Households with Planted Trees, Number of Trees Planted on Their Land by Location, Species, Main Use of Tree, Number of Trees Utilised and Value
  • Households Involved in Community Tree Planting by Main Scheme, Distrance of Community Planted Forest
  • Households Receiving Extension Messages, Quality of Extension Service, Source of Extension Messages, Type of Advice, Households Receiving and Adopting Extension Messages
  • Agricultural Constraints
  • Number of Erosion Control/Water Harvesting Structures
  • Household Facilities
  • Main Source of Energy for Lighting, Cooking
  • Main Source of and Distance to Drinking Water
  • Type of Toilet
  • Meals per Day
  • Consumption: Meat, Fish
  • Food Satisfaction
  • Main Source of Income

Crops: Maize, Paddy, Sorghum, Bulrush Millet, Finger Millet, Wheat, Barley, Cereals, Cassava, Sweet Potatoes, Irish Potatoes, Yams, Cocoyam, Roots and Tubers,  Beans, Cowpeas, Green Gram, Chick Peas, Bambaranuts, Mung Beans,  Field Peas, Pulses, Sunflower, Simsim, Groundnut, Soya Beans, Castor Seed, Oil Seeds and Oil Nuts, Okra, Radish, Turmeric, Bitter Aubergine, Garlic, Onions, Ginger, Cabbage, Tomatoes, Spinach, Carrot, Chillies, Amaranths, Pumpkins, Cucumber, Egg Plant, Water Mellon, Cauliflower, Fruits and Vegetables, Cotton, Tobacco, Pyrethrum, Seaweed, Jute, Cash Crops, Cashewnut, Banana, Coffee, Mango, Pigeon Pea, Coconut, Orange, Sisal, Sugar Cane, Palm Oil, Tea, Cocoa, Pawpaw, Jack Fruit, Avocado, Pineapple, Guava, LIme/Lemon, Mandarine/Tangerine, Pomelo, Black Papper, Sour Soup, Wattle, Star Fruit, Grape Fruit, Cloves, Mpesheni, Grape, Rubber, Malay Apple, Cinamon, Tamarin, Kapok, Mshelishel, Blimbi, Rambutan, Durian, Flower, Nutmeg, Bread Fruit

Regions: Dodoma, Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Morogoro, Pwani, Dar es Salaam, Lindi, Mtwara, Ruvuma, Iringa, Mbeya, Singida, Tabora, Rukwa, Kigoma, Shinyanga, Kagera, Mwanza, Mara, Manyara, Mainland, Zanzibar, Tanzania